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    Make Sure You Have The Right Gear

     Fit a bell to your bike so you can signal other road users. Make sure you wear clothing that’s appropriate for cycling. You should be able to move freely without anything getting caught in your bike’s chain or wheels, or covering your lights. You should wear:

    • light-coloured or fluorescent clothing that helps other road users to see you in daylight and poor light
    • reflective clothing and/or accessories, like a belt or arm/ankle bands, in the dark

    Your rucksack can affect your balance on a bike if it’s too big or heavy. You could consider using panniers instead. If not be sensible about the load that you carry


     Helmets are a MUST and can help prevent head injuries if you fall from your bike. You should wear a helmet that:

    • Meets British Standard (BS EN 1078:1997)
    • is a snug fit and positioned squarely on your head – sitting just above your eyebrows – do not tilt it back or tip forwards –
    • is securely fastened by straps, which aren’t twisted, with only enough room for two fingers between your chin and the strap

    Make sure you replace your helmet every five years. I would not buy a second-hand helmet – it may be damaged and not protect you.

    Compulsory lights and reflectors


    If you use your bike at night or when visibility is poor, you must fit a:

    • white front light
    • red rear light
    • red rear reflector
    • amber/yellow pedal reflectors – front and back on each pedal

    Reflectors fitted to the front and the spokes will also help you to be seen.

    You can get lights that are steady or flashing or a mixture (steady at the front and flashing at the back). A steady light at the front is important when you’re cycling through areas without good street lighting.   Check that any steady lights meet BS 6102-3. Flashing lights don’t have to meet the standard but they must:

    • flash at a rate of one to four equal flashes per second
    • be at least four candelas in brightness


    Your pedal reflectors and rear reflector must meet BS 6102-2. You can also use a light or reflector that meets a standard accepted by another European Commission (EC) country (equal to the British Standard).


    Additional lights and reflectors


    You can use other lights as well as the compulsory ones but they must:

    • be the right colour – white at the front, red at the back
    • not dazzle other road users

    If they flash, it must be at a rate of one to four equal flashes per second.



    How to cycle safely on the road

    Stay alert – don’t listen to music or use a mobile phone while cycling. Distractions cause accidents. When you’re cycling on busy roads you need to show drivers what you plan to do. Motorists usually travel faster than cyclists and may have less time react to hazards.


    Try to anticipate what a driver will do and:

    • ride positively and decisively
    • look and signal before you start, stop or turn
    • ride well clear of the kerb – 1 metre away or in the centre of the left lane
    • make eye contact with drivers to let them know you have seen them
    • acknowledge any courtesy from drivers
    • ride a car-door width away from parked cars

    To learn how to handle busy roads and ride more confidently, get some cycle training.

    Cycling on shared paths

    People may not see or hear you approaching on shared paths so:

    • slow down
    • use your bell to let people know you’re there
    • be prepared to slow down or stop if necessary
    • keep to the cyclists’ side

    Know your Highway Code

    The Highway Code explains the laws you and other road users must follow. It provides advice on safe road use and information on the meaning of the different signs and road markings that you must obey. You should know the rules for cyclists, as well as the rules for all road users, before you cycle on the road.

    If you have an accident

    Tell the police if you’re involved in a collision on your bike where someone is injured. Make sure anyone who is hurt gets medical attention.

    You should get insurance for yourself and your bike. If you don’t, you may have to pay for any damage caused to someone or their property because of an accident with your bike. You may receive third-party insurance if you become a member of some cycling organisations.



    Cyclists are 20 times more likely to be involved in an accident on Britain’s roads than motorists, a new study has revealed.

    Online PR News – 02-July-2010 –Cyclists are 20 times more likely to be involved in an accident on Britain’s roads than motorists, a new study has revealed.

    Researchers from the University of Surrey analysed English hospital admissions between 1999 and 2004, and found that on average, over 34,000 cyclists a year required hospital treatment for injuries sustained whilst out on the road.

    Over twice as many drivers and passengers are injured in road accidents every year (just over 71,000) but as there are 40 times more car journeys made each year than bike rides, it was concluded that cycling is a lot more risky, per trip, than driving.

    Writing in the medical journal Injury Prevention, Professor Mike Gill of the University of Surrey said: “Encouragement of walking and cycling needs to be accompanied by serious efforts to ensure that safe traffic environments are established for pedestrians and cyclists.